What risk and protective factors does the Project Towards No Drug Abuse® (Project TND) curriculum target?

The program addresses the following risk/protective factors that influence substance abuse and violent behaviors in youth:

Protective factors targeted for an increase

  • Exposure to community/cultural norms that do not favor antisocial behaviors and substance use
  • Recognition of the value of pro-social activities
  • Promotion of healthy beliefs and clear standards
  • Goal setting/Positive future orientation
  • Increased knowledge of the negative consequences of Drug Use
  • Improved relations with pro-social peers
  • Positive orientation to school
  • Communication/interpersonal skills
  • Decision-making and critical thinking skills
  • Adaptive coping/self-management skills

Risk factors targeted for a decrease

  • Norms Favorable to Drug Use
  • Poor Social Skills
  • Favorable Attitudes towards ATOD use
  • Favorable Attitudes towards Anti-social behavior
  • Low Perceived Risks of Drug Use
  • Low School Commitment
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