Functional Family Therapy (FFT)
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Model Information


Provider Resources 

  • FFT Therapist Hiring Checklist (Pennsylvania) - This hiring checklist for FFT therapists combines guidelines from FFT, requirements for MA-funded programs in Pennsylvania, and best practice.
  • Effectively Negotiating With Funders: 3 Tips for EBI Providers - A summary of tips from Pennsylvania providers, organized around three key strategies. 

  • Places to Recruit New Clinicians - A resource containing helpful tips to help with recruitment of clinicians

  • FFT Community Report Template and Instructions - This 2-page template can be tailored for use with different audiences to communicate about the FFT model, including how it works, research findings, and cost-effectiveness. There is room to briefly share local outcomes. A brief instructional document provides information about how to make changes to the template.
  • FFT Outcomes Report Template and Instructions - This 3-page template can be customized by sites to easily and effectively present program outcomes to stakeholders. The template includes a brief program overview and mirrors data outcomes generated by INSPIRE. A brief instructional document provides information about how to make changes to the template.
  • Stakeholder Meeting Preparation Worksheet and Sample Agenda New
    Establishing clear goals and strategic planning before meeting with stakeholders can ensure that the opportunity to meet is used effectively. This guide can be used to help you prepare for an upcoming meeting. A template for an agenda is also included.

DPW-Related Resources for FFT, MST, and MTFC Programs  

  • Starting Services Quickly - A resource for FFT providers and stakeholders who are looking to decrease wait time for at risk youth and families.
  • Click on the link above for resources related to Special Grant funding, accessing and utilizing M.A. funding (including Frequently Asked Questions, key contacts, and a list of Health Choices Behavioral Health Primary Contractors), and the Juvenile Justice Systems Enhancement Strategy. These resources are Pennsylvania-specific.
  • Sample Treatment Plans - Together with representatives of FFT Inc., the OMHSAS Children's Bureau developed two templates for Pennsylvania M.A-compliant FFT treatment plans. In Template 1 the entire plan is written at the beginning of treatment, while in Template 2 the plan is updated with each phase of FFT. A completed sample treatment plan highlights what OMHSAs expects with regard to content.

FFT-Alcohol & Drugs 

  • Frequently Asked Questions about FFT-AD, a specialization of traditional FFT tailored to the needs of youth who abuse substances and their families. 


Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is an empirically grounded family intervention program for dysfunctional and at-risk youth aged 11-18 and their families, including youth with problems such as conduct disorder, violent acting-out, and substance abuse. Youth often also present with additional comorbid challenges such as depression.  Intervention is conducted in clinic settings, as outpatient therapy, and as a home-based model, including delivery in schools, child welfare, probation, parole/aftercare, and mental health, and as an alternative to incarceration or out-of-home placement. Treatment ranges from, on average, 8-12 one-hour sessions up to 30 sessions of direct service for more difficult situations. Treatment has specific phases that serve to organize intervention in a coherent manner, thereby allowing clinicians to maintain focus in the context of considerable family and individual disruption. Clinical trials have demonstrated that FFT is capable of effectively treating adolescents with Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Disruptive Behavior Disorder, alcohol and other drug abuse disorders, and those who are delinquent and/or violent. FFT interrupts the matriculation of these adolescents into more restrictive, higher-cost services, reduces their penetration of social services and the adult criminal system, and prevents younger siblings from entering the system of care.


National Site: Functional Family Therapy